Supply chain financing, often referred to as « supplier financing » or « reverse factoring, » fosters cooperation between buyers and sellers. This is the philosophical opposite of the competition dynamics that generally develop between these two parties. Finally, in traditional circumstances, buyers try to delay payment, while sellers must be paid as quickly as possible. The starting point for freight transport information must be the unit that transports the goods – the supply chain service provider, a carrier and/or a logistics partner. It is the entities that physically control the goods while they are in the supply chain. Access to this information is a must from a needs planning perspective. Knowing where the product is, the financial services provider can more reliably increase the financing of various milestones in the supply chain. The term « supply chain finance » is sometimes used to describe a wider range of supplier financing solutions, such as dynamic discounting. B, in which the buyer funds the program by allowing suppliers to access an advance payment on invoices for a discount. However, this term is more often used as a synonym for reverse factoring. Once a supply chain financing program is underway, suppliers may require prepayment of their invoices. With the extension of the supply chain due to globalization and offshore production, many companies have seen their capital availability decrease. In addition, pressure from companies to improve cash flows has put increased pressure on their foreign suppliers.
In particular, suppliers are under pressure in the form of extended payment conditions or increased working capital imposed by large consumers. The general trend towards opening subscription accounts continued to contribute to the problem. As global supply chains expand around the world, with multinational buyers and a diverse group of suppliers in many countries, companies are under pressure to free up the labor capital captured in their supply chains. Supply Chain Finance, also known as supplier financing or reverse factoring, is a set of solutions that allow companies to increase their payment terms to their suppliers, while offering their wholesale and SME suppliers the opportunity to be paid at an early stage. The result is a win-win situation for the buyer and supplier. The buyer optimizes the working capital and the supplier generates additional operating cash flow, minimizing risk throughout the supply chain. Supply Chain Finance offers a range of potential solutions for those working in international trade, all of which have evolved in the past to serve different markets and customer segments: a common question about the supply chain finance is how it differs from more traditional commercial financing. Banking Obligations Although a bank payment obligation (BPO) is not necessarily a CSAH technique, it is necessary to know them as a « framework for » providing commercial and procurement financing, risk reduction services and payment services in addition to their role as a payment mechanism. Supply Chain Finance (SCF) is an essential chapter in supply chain management. It connects buyers and sellers to financial institutions.
This helps companies reduce financing costs and improve efficiency. The most important thing is that it frees up the tied working capital in the supply chain. Supply Chain Finance is a segment of commercial finance. Commercial financing products have been established for a long time and include letters of credit, bank guarantees and documentary collections, all of which are used more frequently when business partners do not know each other well or not at all.